OpenShift helps bring the power of cloud-native and containerization to your applications, no matter what underlying operating systems they rely on. For use cases that require both Linux and Windows workloads, Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform (OCP) allows you to deploy Windows workloads running on Windows server while also supporting traditional Linux workloads hosted on Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS (RHCOS) or Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).

Getting started

This post chronicles our experiences configuring a Windows workload on an OCP cluster on Azure using both Linux and Windows worker nodes. The OCP cluster uses a virtualized network for pod and service networks. The OVN-Kubernetes Container Network Interface (CNI) plug-in is a network provider for the default cluster network. OVN-Kubernetes is based on an Open Virtual Network (OVN) and provides an overlay-based networking implementation. Communication between windows nodes and Windows/Linux combination occurs over a VXLAN tunnel, but communication between Linux nodes happens purely on the Geneve tunnel. In this post, we'll explain the process of building, publishing, and deploying a Windows workload on the OCP cluster hosted on Azure.

For the workload, a network-intensive tool was purposefully chosen to benchmark the network performance of the systems. The Unified Performance (uperf) http://uperf.org/manual.html, predominantly exists for *NIX systems, however, it was not readily available for Windows. A corresponding compatible codebase purpose-built for Windows can be found here.

Uperf’s typical client-server architecture allows us to start the uperf service in “server” mode. Once the server is in listening mode, the client can be started with a workload definition supplied via XML file.

Exploring the environment

To begin with, our OpenShift environment was composed of 3 control plane nodes, 3  infrastructure nodes, and 6 compute nodes ( 3 Windows and 3 Linux nodes ) hosted on the Azure cloud,  deployed through the IPI-based. To manage Windows workloads on OCP, we need the Red Hat Windows Machine Config Operator (WMCO), which allows Windows worker node installation and management. Here is a sample machineset that allowed us to bring Windows Worker Nodes of instance size Standard_D8s_v3 into the cluster:

Node Name

VM Sizes

Number of instances

Master Nodes

Standard_D8s_v3

3

Infrastructure Nodes

Standard_D48s_v3

3

Linux Worker Nodes

Standard_D8s_v3

3

Windows Worker Nodes

Standard_D8s_v3

3


Docker Image build and deploy

Every deployment of an uperf container on OCP/ Kubernetes would spin up a process of uperf. This process can be assumed either as a client or server based on the parameter(s) passed. Here is a sneak peek of the leveraged Dockerfile, that resulted in an uperf container image:

To build a Windows-compatible container image, install a corresponding runtime on the Windows VM:

cd 'C:\Users\vkommadi\Desktop`
git clone https://github.com/krishvoor/uperf-windows/
cd uperf-windows
git submodule --init --recursive update
cd .\uperf-windows
docker build -t windows:uperf-simply .


It is no different to deploy those images in Windows. We will first start uperf in server mode accessible on port 30000:

PS C:\Users\vkommadi\Desktop> docker run -d -p 30000:30000
quay.io/krvoora_ocm/windows:uperf-simply uperf -s -v -P 30000
023963ce1cd81c0629c18d5590b4da51275e325f76e644ad56d087713c0a77e9
PS C:\Users\vkommadi\Desktop>


To validate whether the container is actively running:

PS C:\Users\vkommadi\Desktop> docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                               COMMAND                  CREATED        
STATUS         PORTS                      NAMES
023963ce1cd8   quay.io/krvoora_ocm/windows:uperf-simply   "uperf -s -v -P 30000"   6
minutes ago   Up 6 minutes   0.0.0.0:30000->30000/tcp   nifty_satoshi
PS C:\Users\vkommadi\Desktop>


To run uperf in client mode, let’s supply a customizable parameter file that allows us to tweak threads, duration, and packet size, which allows to stress the uperf-server for a while:

PS C:\Users\vkommadi\Desktop>docker run -v 
"c:\Users\vkommadi\Desktop\uperf":"c:\uperf" quay.io/krvoora_ocm/windows:uperf-simply
python c:\uperf\uperf.py


Uperf.exe on execution provides a lot of data to screen. We use simply-uperf, a python script, to parse the standard output of uperf into something easily consumable, like this:

$ docker logs -f fc96d55055dd

{
   "norm_byte_avg": "1.19 GB",
   "norm_ltcy_avg": 6.830062853840754,
   "norm_ltcy_p95": 9.448229074093321,
   "norm_ltcy_p99": 12.689357141501684
}
$ pwd
vkommadi@ovnhybrid MINGW64 ~/Desktop/uperf (master)
$


Deploying Windows workloads on OCP

To deploy this custom Uperf Image to Windows worker nodes, we leveraged Kubernetes Deployment service, as well as ConfigMaps objects, which allowed us to supply declarative updates to Pods and exposed the application running on a set of pods and supplied a non-confidential data to pods.

$ 
$ git clone https://github.com/krishvoor/uperf-windows/
$ cd uperf-windows
$ oc login <API_SERVER>
$ oc new-project perf-scale-org
$ oc create -f openshift/windows_uperf_server.yml
$ IP_ADDRESS=`oc get po <uperf-server-POD_NAME> -o json | jq -r [.status.podIP][]`
$ sed -i "s/UPDATEME/${IP_ADDRESS}/g" openshift/windows_uperf_client.yml
$ oc create -f openshift/windows_uperf_client.yml
$


Bringing it all together

This exercise demonstrates how conveniently we can implement a cloud-native application on OCP, no matter what underlying operating system that application relies on.

References
OVN-Hybrid config files on Azure 
Uperf stdout parser
More about the OVN-K


Categories

OCP, Windows, cloud native

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